Hamedan is a beautiful province in west of Iran with many historical and natural attractions. The capital is the city of Hamedan which is among the oldest Iranian cities. Herodotus, the ancient Greek Historian, states that “Ecbatana” (modern-day: Hamedan) was the capital of the Medes, around 700 B.C. founded by Deioces, the first king of the Medes. Spring and summer are the best time for travelling to Hamedan.
“Ali Sadr Cave” is the largest water cave in the world. This is a must-see and likely the most important attraction in Hamedan Province. There is a huge lake inside the cave, so people go on a boat ride to explore it more. amazing lighting shows its depth. The cave dates back to Jurassic Period. “Ali Sadr Cave” is different from many other caves and visiting this cave is unique experience.
Ibn-e Sina (Avicenna) is a significant Persian polymath especially famous in medicine and philosophy who was born in 980 A.D. There is also an interesting museum of his books. His most important book is called “The Canon of Medicine”, a five-volume medical encyclopedia. The tomb is located in Hamedan downtown. The building is surrounded by a beautiful garden and water feature. Its structure is inspired by Gonbad-e Qabus (in the city of Gonbad-e Kavus).
Ganjnameh is a historical and also recreational site with many facilities and pleasant mountain weather and also pretty sceneries, including a nice waterfall and three ancient inscriptions from Achaemenid Empire (around 500 BC) which were carved into Alvand Mount cliffs. These historical inscriptions are in three languages; Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian. In one part of this inscription, it was written: “The great God is Ahuramazda, who created man and created happiness for man”.
It’s an ancient site and the place of Iran first capital and one of world’s oldest cities. Herodotus stated that Ecbatana or Hegmataneh was the capital of the Medes (around 700 B.C.) which was founded by Deioces, the first king of the Medes. There is also a museum with lots of really ancient objects.
* The Golden Rhyton shaped as winged lion (from Achaemenid Empire) was discovered in this site, and it’s now at National Museum of Iran in Tehran.
This is the traditional burial site of Esther, a Jewish heroine who was the wife of Xerxes I, and her uncle, Mordechai. It’s a well-maintained holy site of pilgrimage for Iranian Jews. “Esther and Mordechai Tomb” is one of the most important Jewish shrines in Iran and even in the world and this place is also historically significant.
“Baba Taher” was a great Persian poet. His Tomb is located in Hamedan, close to the downtown. The mausoleum has a simple exterior but a splendid interior with poetries on the its walls. “Baba Taher” is chiefly famous for informal tone of his poems.
“Gonbad-e Alavian” is one of the masterworks of Islamic architectural style from Seljuk dynasty. It was a mosque at first but it turned to the tomb of Alavi family. The stucco work of this structure is monochrome but astonishing.
Alvand Mount, with over 3500 m high and pleasant weather, is a natural attraction in Hamedan Province near to Ganjnameh. Visitors could get a gondola ride to the top and enjoy the wonderful views. There is a café at the top. There are also two other lovely places near to Alvan Mount: “Mishan Plain” and “Abbas Abad”.
“Shir Sangi” (literally means stony lion), is a stony statue. It was made by one of Alexander the Great’s men in 324 BC. This statue was placed by one of Hamedan’s gates to protect this city against evils and disasters. This place is also good for Iranian families to have picnics.
“Nush-e Jan” is the remainder of an ancient temple which dates back to around 2800 years ago (the Medes period). It was a mud brick fire temple.
Like other provinces, there are many traditional foods in Hamedan. The most famous ones are “Sardashi” and “Ghot”. The ingredients of “Sardashi” are lamb, potato, onion, green pepper and tomato. The ingredients of “Ghot” are bread, cheese, vegetables and walnut and it’s actually a snack which is mostly served in the afternoon. In Hamedan, there is a wide variety of soups and broths. Top restaurants where you can have the best foods are “Nael Eshkeneh”, “Delta” and also “Ariayian Dizi” for eating delicious dizi which is a traditional Persian food.
In Hamedan Province, there are many tasty sweets, popular ones are “Komaj” and “Nan Shirmal” and also two semi-liquid sweets that are called “Angosht Pich” and “Halva Zardeh”. Best and the most famous confectionery in Hamedan is “Ostadan”. In this district, you can also try traditional grape syrup (from the city of Malayer) and walnut (from the city of Tuyserkan) and a variety of pickles.
There are various souvenirs in Hamedan Province, edible ones such as traditional sweets (Komaj, Nan Shirmal, Angosht Pich and Halva Zarde), walnut and grape syrup. And there are also diverse handicrafts in this province, the most important ones are attractive and colorful potteries and ceramics. Best place for buying these souvenirs is Hamedan Bazaar. “Lalejin” is a city, 20 km away from Hamedan, which is known as the center of pottery and ceramic productions in Iran and in the Middle East, where you can buy the finest ones from its shops.
1- Bu Ali Hotel
2- Baba Taher Hotel
3- Parsian Azadi Hotel
4- Amiran Hotel
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