Tepe Sialk
Iranian Customs

Tepe Sialk


“Tepe Sialk” is a large ancient archeological site near to the city of Kashan (“Tepe” means hill in Persian). At first glance, this site and the hills don’t catch the eyes, but what makes it an extraordinary place is its oldness and the history of its civilization, because Tepe Sialk is the oldest civilization in Central Iran. The oldest settlement in this site dates back to almost 7500 years ago (around 5500 BC). This site consists of two hills and two cemeteries. The structures are made out of clay. The excavations started in 1933 by a team headed by Roman Grishman, a French archaeologist. The oldest discovered objects are from 7500 years ago.

Discovered items includes many potteries, some skeletons and many more. Some traces also show those people knew about agriculture and farming. Some discovered objects were for spinning and weaving indicate that people in Tepe Sialk were familiar with this industry in that old time. The baked potteries with animals, sun and other shapes painted on them are so beautiful and fine and it seems that they were probably made by the means of some kind of rudimentary pottery wheels. The discovered objects are made out of stone and metal (especially cupper). Among the discovered objects, there are even decorative items and jewelries.
Dead bodies were buried in the homes with some of their belongings and objects and potteries. They believed that death was a kind of rebirth, so the corpses were put similar to the position of a baby in the womb.

The discovered objects are exhibited in different museums, including the museum adjacent to the Tepe Sialk, Fin Garden’s museum (in Kashan), National Museum of Iran (in Tehran) and the Louvre.

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