Saffron is a colorful and precious plant that does not have root, but it has bulbs and it is famous as the desert’s gold. It is called as a red gold. Saffron cultivation has a rich history in Iran and Khorasan, dates back to thousand years ago.
Saffron is a plant that can grow in a healthy environment. This plant only needs water on the 1st of November and it will suffice for the first spring of rain and snow. This plant has a nutritional and drug use. The cultivation of this plant is the job of most of the people in Khorasan region and has a special role in the lives of people in the north-east of Iran. Saffron has medicinal usages, and saffron is a drug against depression and it is used as a natural and herbal remedy for nerves.
The history of saffron cultivation in Iran dates back to the ancient times. Then it was taken from Iran to Greece and Rome. During the Parthian period, saffron was exported to Iran and later it was exported to China during the Mogul saffron period, and China was also among saffron customers in Iran. It has been said that Saffron cultivation was also popular in Qom during the Sassanid period. In the Islamic period, saffron was also taken to Arab countries, and the countries around the Mediterranean became familiar with its cultivation method.
You shouldn't miss Saffron Tea in Iran!
Originally, Iran was the only exporter of saffron in the world, but in recent years, other countries have entered the saffron industry. In the new era of Spain, it is a rival for Iran and one of the exporters of saffron. The UAE has become one of the saffron exporters without saffron cultivation. In addition, many countries such as Afghanistan, India and others have been active in saffron trade.
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