The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a tree fruit that has red, white or colored seeds, which are juicy and sour. Its peel is almost thick, and its color is often red and sometimes black or almost yellow. This tree is one of the first tropical plants native to the east of Iran to the Himalayas in northern India. The pomegranate can grow in almost any climate and any soil, but the high water at the time of the ripeness of the fruit causes the fruit peel to be cracked. Pomegranates can withstand high temperatures with cold winds and temperatures of -10 ° C.
The cities of Saveh, Kashmar and Bajestan in Iran are respectively the largest pomegranate producers in Iran, with an annual production of 800,000 tons of pomegranates, the world's largest pomegranate producer and the second producer is India.
From pomegranate fruits you can make pomegranate juice, pomegranate sauce, pomegranate fruit roll and pomegranate jam. The pomegranate peel is used to make traditional dyes, and the leaves were used to dye in the past. Pomegranate peel is also used for tanning of the skin and pomegranate flowers for some other uses. The boiled pomegranate juice is good for a digestive problem and a sore throat and it is a kind of herbal medicine.
Pomegranates can be divided into sweet pomegranate and sweet-and-sour pomegranate and sour varieties according to the taste of the seeds. Sweet varieties are distinguished from bright green leaves and thistles, and they are slightly shorter than sour and sweet-and-sour ones. Its sour varieties have a taller tree and green leaves which are dark. The color of the peel is divided into yellow, brown and red, using the color of the seeds they are divided to the white seeds and red seeds and dark red seeds. By comparing the size of the trees, they can be divided to the tall and short ones.
Harvesting this fruit should be done in the fall season and almost in November, it should be noted that the pomegranate types around the world are about twenty different types.