Abarkooh is a city in the west of Yazd, located in the middle of the golden triangle of Iran’s tourist attractions – Shiraz, Isfahan, and Yazd. The city’s attractions include The Cypress of Abarkooh (Sarv-e Abarkooh), Aghazadeh Mansion, Shahrasb Castle, Gonbad Aali, the Minarets of Nizamiye Mosque, Ab Anbar, the wall and moat around the ancient city of Abarkooh, and many others.
The Aghazadeh Mansion
The Aghazadeh Mansion is ornamented with elaborate and beautiful stucco, plaster muqarnas, and other traditional elements. The most remarkable part of this building is the two-story windcatcher and the pavilion, which is one of a kind. The windcatcher is 59 feet tall and has an area of 18 m2. There are nineteen air adjusting vents that are connected to the second windcatcher. The windcatcher and the pavilion act as a cooler and lightwell, respectively for the space beneath them, and the mansion hall. The Aghazadeh Mansion goes back to the Qajar era.
Cypress of Abarkooh
The old Cypress of Abarkooh, with more than 4500 years of age, is located beside an old Qanat in Abarkooh. The tree is 82 feet tall, with approximately 11.8 feet at its trunk.
Gonbad Aali, located at the top of a hill, is one of the towers of a stone tomb from the Daylamites era in the 5th century AH (12th century CE). This stone building, with an interior and exterior view, is an octagon built upon a square platform. The basement in the middle of the building is the burial ground of the tomb. At the head of the building, entry is a Kufic epigraphy in large embossing. The tower is 72 feet tall and the wall of the dome is 2 meters thick. According to the epigraph carved around the tomb, this building is the resting place of Emir Amid al-Din Shams al-Dawla Daylami and his mother – a lady from the Hazaraspids – built by the order of his son, Firoozan, in 448 AH (1056 CE).
The Central Mosque is one of the mosques from the Seljuq era. Stylistically, it is a four-Iwan building, and like most central mosques with entryways, it also has a Shabestan and Mihrab. Most of the parts in this building are built in the Mongols’ time, but there are also parts that go back to older times, including the domed Shabestan which was built at the end of Abu Sa’id’s reign (Ilkhani). Among the most important features of the building are its two mihrabs. The mosque’s first mihrab has been built in the style of Mongolian buildings, and the second mihrab has been built as a modification of the first mihrab.
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