Deserts - Kavir & Lut

Deserts - Kavir & Lut

city: Iran
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Kavir desert is the broadest desert in Iran which is stretched out from the Alborz Mountain Range to the central part of Iran. Its length is 800 kilometers and its width is 320 kilometers. There is a Namak Lake (Salt Lake) in the west part of this desert and one of the most desolate parts of this desert is the Rig-e-Jenn (means devil’s dunes), a vast area of sand dunes which was believed there are some living evil spirits in it.  Local people consider this place as the Bermuda Triangle of Iran because there are many swamps which are covered by sand and also this place is impassable and is one of the most mysterious places that is why people still avoid going to this area.


Due to the evaporation of water, the vast sea which went dry or the reduction of that sea, this desert was created which is one of the poles of the Earth’s heat in which its temperature in summer gets to 50 c˚, also sometimes the difference for the day and night temperature would reach to 70 C˚. There are some vast swamps, some Dunes (a hill of loose sand), and the special vegetation in this desert which is called Halophyte. There are also many regions and villages in this area in which tourists are interested to visit annually.  

Lut Desert is in southeast of Iran which means it is in some parts of the provinces such as Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan and South Khorasan. Its area has been estimated to be about 51,800 square Kilometers. Lut desert is recorded as the twenty seventh biggest desert as well as the hottest and driest regions in the world. The eastern part of this desert is covered with salt flats or salt pans, vast ground covered with salt and other minerals. There is a largest clod city in this desert which has been taken as the capital of Lut desert, a masterpiece of wind, soul and water.   

Gandom Beryam was proved to be the hottest part of Lut desert and it is almost about 480 square kilometers. There is also a local legendry about this place which refers to an accident in which a great deal of wheat was left in the desert and was scorched because of the heat in only few days.

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